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Gaya Tumuli Changnyeong Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli

Changnyeong Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli

  • Changnyeong Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli

    (Historic Site No.514)

    Tumuli for the ruling class of Bihwa Gaya, on the foot of Hwawangsan Mountain

    HIgh earth-mounded tombs converging the civilization of Gaya and Silla.

     Around 129, Gyo-ri, Changnyeong-eup, Changnyeong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do

  • 크기변환_개요 지도 사진 창녕 교동 송현동 고분군 분포 현황도(A3)_위성사진 편집.jpg
  • A summary of the Heritage
    • Time 5-6 AD
    • Area456,998㎡
    • Number of TombsAbout 320 mounded tombs
    • Representative ArtifactGilt Bronze Crown, Gilt Bronze Earing, Bronze Tripod with Handle
    • Representative TombNo.6&7(Stone Chamber Tomb with Horizontal Corrider)/
      About 300 remains found, including Camphor Wood Coffin,
      accessories and earthenware.
  • overview
  • Changnyeong area was connected to Gaya polities such as Gimhae, Hapcheon, and Goryeong through Nakdonggang River. There were exchanges with Silla through the land trade route connecting towards the east side. Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli was formed at the edge of the hill extending westwards from Hwawangsan Mountain. The tumuli may have been intentionally positioned  for a great view from living area. Changnyeong was recorded on the ‘Samguksagi’ and ‘Samgukyusa’ as an old land of Bihwagaya, and annexed by Silla in the 16th year of Silla King Jinheung (555 A.D). Many Silla relics are found in Bihwagaya due to its geological conditions of being at the boundary of Silla and Gaya. Relics from Japan are imported through Nakdonggang River. The camphor tree wooden coffin found in tomb no. 5 is the representative relic from Japan.
    Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli consist of 350 different-sized tombs. The construction started from 5th century and it maintains after annexed by Silla, until 7th century . Main burial types are stone-lined tomb with vertical entrance and stone chamber tomb with horizontal entrance, reflecting the general flow of changing burial style in ancient east asia. The stone chamber tombs with long and narrow corridor are distinct feature of the tomb structure of Changnyeong area.

Picture

크기변환_사진 1 메인사진 사적 제514호 창녕 교동과 송현동 고분군 (2)-1.jpg

Picture 1. View of Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli, Changnyeong

  • 크기변환_사진 2 사적 제514호 창녕 교동과 송현동 고분군 (3).jpg

    Picture 2. View of Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli, Changnyeong

  • 크기변환_사진 3 사적 제514호 창녕 교동과 송현동 고분군 (7).jpg

    Picture 3. View of Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong Tumuli, Changnyeong

Relics

  • 크기변환_유물 1 Ⅰ군 7호분 출토 청동뿔잔.JPG

    Bronze rhyton ,Excavated form group 1 7 

  • 크기변환_유물 2Ⅰ군 11호분 출토 상감명문대도.JPG

    Sword, Excavated form group 1 11

  • 크기변환_유물 3 Ⅱ군 3호분 출토 관모.JPG

    An official hat, Excavated form group 2 3

  • 크기변환_유물 4 Ⅲ군 10호분 출토 순장인골 복원(송현이).jpg

    Restore bone of woman buried alive with the dead, Excavated form group 3 10